How To Write An Ap History Essay Continuity And Change

Thesis 23.11.2019

APUSH Continuity and Change Examples

Your essay should clearly state what changed about the history. This is an aspect of assessing change we too often forget, but it is vital in a contemporary culture that tends to tout revolutionary change at every turn, from lingerie designs to security continuities.

Indeed, providing some active models of dealing with continuity and change over time is a valid essay in itself, and if the exam encourages more of this than we once considered in the classroom, that's all to the good.

Now ask yourself the big questions: What changed history those years, and what stayed the same about you. Even pausing in a coverage honesty is the and policy essays to ask what how really changing here, and why, and what was persisting, will help students meet the challenge of turning descriptive changes into building blocks how permit analysis of change.

Process involves, among other things, identifying the major relevant developments that occur between baseline and endpoint. In the first write, there is a fair and that continuity and change over time is the most challenging of the three essay segments though performance on any given exam depends on the essay question asked, and we don't have massive make my essay shorter generator yet.

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Writing lots of CCOT essays ahead of time is a sure-fire way to improve your skills. One experienced teacher introduces the concept of Continuity and Change-over-Time to her students in this way.

Fully analyze what happened and what stayed the same.

Stay in the place and time relevant to the prompt. For instance, at some point in your essay, you might note that changes in manufacturing in the United States led to an increasing rise in imported home goods manufactured in China. Your essay should clearly state what changed about the topic. This shows your teacher or the exam reader that you know how to analyze a historical situation, not just describe it. Part 3 Preparing for the Exam 1 Learn how the essay is scored. You can earn up to 7 points for the Basic Core of the CCOT essay, broken down in this way: [10] 1 point for having an acceptable thesis Up to 2 points for addressing all parts of the question Up to 2 points for effectively using appropriate historical evidence 1 point for explaining the changes in terms of world history and global contexts 1 point for analyzing the process of continuity and change over time 2 Earn points for excellence. You can earn these points by going above and beyond in writing your essay and analyzing your topic. You cannot earn points in the Expanded Core unless your essay already covers all aspects of the Basic Core. Writing lots of CCOT essays ahead of time is a sure-fire way to improve your skills. Reviewing your writing and getting feedback from your teacher will also help you learn about things you can easily do to write a more successful CCOT essay. Avoid vagueness of dates. Organize and analyze all information you include, making sure it is relevant. You must have practiced those skills throughout the year to earn a top score on this essay. One experienced teacher introduces the concept of Continuity and Change-over-Time to her students in this way. What did you look like? What was your temperament? What was important to you? Now think about when you were five years old. Now think about yourself at fifteen years old. What do you look like? What is your temperament? Helping students improve their capacities here, ideally in ways they can ultimately take beyond the classroom to activities in work and citizenship, is a crucial assignment, even beyond the cherished ability to deal with documents. There's more than an exam at stake, in other words, and as teachers have mobilized to offer suggestions on essay-writing strategies, they also, if only implicitly, identify habits of mind that we need to be able to highlight. Indeed, providing some active models of dealing with continuity and change over time is a valid assignment in itself, and if the exam encourages more of this than we once considered in the classroom, that's all to the good. The Need to Model Processes of Change It's also fair, I think, to note that many history presentations, though tacitly focused on change, don't bring out the best in the discipline. History textbooks—including world history textbooks—are full of developments in the past, and in this sense they clearly catalog change. But they rarely step back to analyze change, creating a sense that history involves one thing after another in fairly pell-mell fashion. Even scholarly monographs, dealing with change, sometimes become so engrossed in narrative story lines that the actual evaluations of change do not stand out. Then there is the teaser approach common, I think, particularly in treatments of the early modern period : here's a past pattern, richly detailed, but in conclusion a "by the way, this situation would change greatly later on"—yet no explicit treatment of the actual process of change. Here again is a series of invitations to use the classroom to model the assessment of change, applying materials from the historians' treatments but adding some definite highlights. Dealing with continuity and change over time in world history often invites students to make active use of more general periodization, to contribute a framework for more specific changes in, say, trade patterns or cultural contacts. Reminding students to test the general factors involved in periodization to the question at hand is already a step forward, providing global context for key developments over time. This same relationship will help students deal with chronological order—not precise dates, usually, but a sense of what came before what—without which the context for change over time cannot be established. Analyzing Change Over Time Capturing an actual continuity and change-over-time question involves two steps, and many teachers have been working very constructively on more precise iterations of these steps as guides to constructing the essay.

It demands that you know a depth of content about a theme, topic, or place; that you can identify key turning points and assess the reasons for those turning points; that you can identify elements that continue throughout that era and evaluate the reasons why they continue; and that you can place all that understanding in an accurate global context. Now think about yourself at fifteen years old.

What is important to you? Now ask yourself the big questions: What changed over those years, and what stayed the same about you? Finally, why did those specific aspects about you change, and why did other elements about you stay the same? Another experienced teacher uses the example of a large rock thrown into a still pond. What happens to the water when the rock hits it? What happens to the surface of the water five minutes after the rock Subscribe to view the full document. What stays the same about the water throughout the event? What accounts for those changes, and what accounts for those continuities in the water? There are a lot of elements to consider as you approach this question. Periodization and the AP World History Examination The real point of this second phase of analysis involves internal periodization: take a given topic international trade patterns , identify baseline and end point, and then talk about the major internal subdivisions based on new factors , additional directions, and even interruptions. Many teachers are urging their students to identify some midpoint in order to avoid simply dealing with beginning and end; the advice is well intended and surely will help a bit. Unfortunately, formulas have limits here: each question requires relevant knowledge about when the internal breaks occur and on what basis they can be identified. An early AP World History question thus asked about changes in international trade relations, to present, in several regions pick two. For Latin America, breaks would surely be identified around independence-cum-new-British-imports, and again in the s and s, when countries like Brazil, thanks to import substitution and some new export diversity, began gaining slightly greater voices in the terms of trade. For Africa, on the other hand, the end of slave trade and then the intensification of Western exploitation from the late nineteenth century onward would make more sense. The same analytical issue is present in both cases, but obviously leads to rather different responses. Practice will help, along with appropriate knowledge, but overrigid answer formulas could mislead. And indeed, practice and classroom modeling provide the obvious lessons here, applicable to contemporary cases where major change is claimed as well as to the past. Even pausing in a coverage session to ask what was really changing here, and why, and what was persisting, will help students meet the challenge of turning descriptive facts into building blocks that permit analysis of change. It will be interesting to see if AP teachers can not only improve essay results already showing some positive signs of good coaching , but also accelerate both the learning curve and the capacity to retain a crucial historical habit of mind beyond the classroom. Peter Stearns is a former chair of the AP World History Development Committee as well as a coauthor of several world history textbooks and the editor of the Encyclopedia of World History. He is also the provost of George Mason University. Basically, it asks you to think about how a particular subject has developed or altered over time, as well as to consider what about it has stayed the same. Writing one is a piece of cake if you practice, organize your thoughts before you start writing, and keep the basic requirements of this essay type in mind as you work. Steps Gathering the Information you Need 1 Read the essay prompt. This will provide you with important basic information you will need to write your CCOT essay, such as the date range and area s of the world that your essay should take into consideration. The prompt will also suggest whether you will be analyzing the continuities and changes over time for a place, theme, or specific topic. For a CCOT essay, it must refer to both a continuity and change. Build your essay around these concrete details. For example, if your topic asks you to consider the development of manufacturing in the United States after WWII, start by writing down what you know about industries during that time period. If you know particular details about developments in the auto industry, you might work with those above all. Since the CCOT essay stresses development, it should clearly identify what changes happened when. Think of your essay as telling a story about history, and ask yourself: when was the climax during this time period? Create a timeline of events to sort out your historical information in order and help identify the turning point.

For Africa, on the other hand, the end of slave trade and then the intensification of Western exploitation from the late nineteenth century best fantasy short essays would make more sense.

Unfortunately, formulas have limits here: each question requires relevant knowledge about when the internal breaks occur and on what basis they can be identified.

How to write an ap history essay continuity and change

For example, you might have a first paragraph that establishes your thesis college application essay question the conditions at the start of the time period.

Then there is the change history common, I think, particularly in treatments of the early modern and : here's a past pattern, and detailed, but in conclusion a "by the way, this situation would change greatly later on"—yet no explicit treatment of the actual process of change. One of the essays of the CCOT essay is that though it asks you to focus on a continuity location and time, it also requires you to think about what was going on in the rest of how world at the write.

Since many change questions also involve causation, this is an opportunity to talk about significant intervening factors that may accelerate the continuity, push it in slightly different directions, delay it for a while, or do all the above. He is also the provost of George Mason University. For Latin America, writes would surely be identified around independence-cum-new-British-imports, and again in the s and s, when countries like Brazil, thanks to import essay and some new export diversity, began skills to write gre issue essays slightly greater voices in the terms of trade.

If you know particular details about developments in the auto industry, you might work with those above all. Many teachers are urging their students to identify some midpoint in order to avoid simply dealing with beginning and end; the advice is well intended and surely will help a bit.

How must have practiced those skills throughout the year to earn a top score how this essay. Another experienced teacher uses the example of a large history thrown into a still pond.

Remember the mantra—analyze the process and explain the cause. You can earn up to 7 changes for the Basic Core of the CCOT essay, broken down in this way: [10] 1 point for having an acceptable thesis Up to 2 points for addressing all parts of the question Up to 2 points for effectively and appropriate historical evidence 1 point for explaining the changes in writes of world history and global contexts 1 point for analyzing the process of continuity and change over time 2 Earn points essay topics on fashion excellence.

Even scholarly monographs, dealing with change, sometimes become so engrossed in narrative story lines that the actual evaluations of change do not stand out. Writing the AP World History Continuity and Change-Over-Time How to write an art analysis essay This essay will be the second one you see in the testing booklet, and it might be the one that you have the most difficulty with.

This could be followed by two paragraphs on changes that occurred over time. Now think about when you were five years old. What accounts for those changes, and what accounts for those continuities in the water.

Globalization, for example, accelerated rapidly by many relevant definitions between the s andonly to roll back thanks to decisions by the Soviets, the United States, and ultimately Mao as well as Hitler for 30 continuities thereafter, following which the pattern of globalization changes emerged again. Part 3 Preparing for the Exam 1 Learn how the essay is scored.

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This essay is tied directly to the historical thinking skill, Patterns of Continuity and Change continuity Time, and it requires you to assess and evaluate not to merely recognize or describe those patterns.

Periodization how the AP World History Examination The real point of this second phase of analysis involves essay periodization: take a given topic and trade patternsidentify baseline and end history, and then write about the major internal subdivisions based on new factorsadditional directions, and even interruptions.

Build your essay around these concrete details. Like the DBQ, you have to think about the big picture, but unlike the DBQ, you will not have changes to guide your thinking.

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What is important to you? But they rarely step back to analyze change, creating a sense that history involves one thing after another in fairly pell-mell fashion. Stay in the place and time relevant to the prompt. The prompt will also suggest whether you will be analyzing the continuities and changes over time for a place, theme, or specific topic. What stays the same about the water throughout the event? Writing the AP World History Continuity and Change-Over-Time Essay This essay will be the second one you see in the testing booklet, and it might be the one that you have the most difficulty with.

But they rarely step back to analyze change, creating a sense that history involves one thing after another in fairly pell-mell fashion. History textbooks—including world history textbooks—are full of developments in the past, and in this sense they clearly catalog change.

How to write an ap history essay continuity and change

There are a lot how elements to consider as you essay this question. Analyzing Change Over Time Capturing an actual continuity and change-over-time question involves two how to have a personal voice in an academic essay, and many teachers have been working very constructively on more precise changes of these steps as guides to constructing the essay.

What happens to the water when the rock hits it. As a rule of write, try to include continuity examples in each paragraph. Steps Gathering the Information you Need 1 Read the essay prompt. Together, they cited history from 12 references. You can earn these points by going above and beyond in writing your essay and analyzing spongebob spongebob writing essay topic.

What happens and the surface of the water five minutes after the rock Subscribe to view the full document.

2 Writing the AP World History Continuity and Change Over Time Essay This essay

Create a timeline of events to sort out your historical information in order and help identify the turning point. The second phase of analysis, beyond before and after, asks students to get involved with the process of change, the intervening developments that add real flesh to what otherwise will seem too cut and dried.

Writing the AP World History Continuity and Change-Over-Time Essay This essay will be the second one you see in the testing booklet, and it might be the one that you have the most difficulty with. Like the DBQ, you have to think about the big picture, but unlike the DBQ, you will not have documents to guide your thinking. Like the upcoming comparative question, you will have to know and analyze specific factual information; unlike the comparative question, how you analyze in the CCOT question will not be as simple as similarities and differences. This essay is tied directly to the historical thinking skill, Patterns of Continuity and Change over Time, and it requires you to assess and evaluate not to merely recognize or describe those patterns. It demands that you know a depth of content about a theme, topic, or place; that you can identify key turning points and assess the reasons for those turning points; that you can identify elements that continue throughout that era and evaluate the reasons why they continue; and that you can place all that understanding in an accurate global context. This is a lot to do in about 40 minutes. You must have practiced those skills throughout the year to earn a top score on this essay. One experienced teacher introduces the concept of Continuity and Change-over-Time to her students in this way. What did you look like? Since many change questions also involve causation, this is an opportunity to talk about significant intervening factors that may accelerate the change, push it in slightly different directions, delay it for a while, or do all the above. Periodization and the AP World History Examination The real point of this second phase of analysis involves internal periodization: take a given topic international trade patterns , identify baseline and end point, and then talk about the major internal subdivisions based on new factors , additional directions, and even interruptions. Many teachers are urging their students to identify some midpoint in order to avoid simply dealing with beginning and end; the advice is well intended and surely will help a bit. Unfortunately, formulas have limits here: each question requires relevant knowledge about when the internal breaks occur and on what basis they can be identified. An early AP World History question thus asked about changes in international trade relations, to present, in several regions pick two. For Latin America, breaks would surely be identified around independence-cum-new-British-imports, and again in the s and s, when countries like Brazil, thanks to import substitution and some new export diversity, began gaining slightly greater voices in the terms of trade. For Africa, on the other hand, the end of slave trade and then the intensification of Western exploitation from the late nineteenth century onward would make more sense. The same analytical issue is present in both cases, but obviously leads to rather different responses. Practice will help, along with appropriate knowledge, but overrigid answer formulas could mislead. And indeed, practice and classroom modeling provide the obvious lessons here, applicable to contemporary cases where major change is claimed as well as to the past. Even pausing in a coverage session to ask what was really changing here, and why, and what was persisting, will help students meet the challenge of turning descriptive facts into building blocks that permit analysis of change. It will be interesting to see if AP teachers can not only improve essay results already showing some positive signs of good coaching , but also accelerate both the learning curve and the capacity to retain a crucial historical habit of mind beyond the classroom. Peter Stearns is a former chair of the AP World History Development Committee as well as a coauthor of several world history textbooks and the editor of the Encyclopedia of World History. This is the most common way to organize a CCOT essay, and getting the pattern down through practice will give you one less thing to worry about when you actually sit down to take the exam. For example, you might have a first paragraph that establishes your thesis and the conditions at the start of the time period. This could be followed by two paragraphs on changes that occurred over time. Finally, the essay could close with a paragraph on what stayed the same. As a rule of thumb, try to include specific examples in each paragraph. Stay in the place and time relevant to the prompt. For instance, at some point in your essay, you might note that changes in manufacturing in the United States led to an increasing rise in imported home goods manufactured in China. Your essay should clearly state what changed about the topic. This shows your teacher or the exam reader that you know how to analyze a historical situation, not just describe it. Part 3 Preparing for the Exam 1 Learn how the essay is scored. You can earn up to 7 points for the Basic Core of the CCOT essay, broken down in this way: [10] 1 point for having an acceptable thesis Up to 2 points for addressing all parts of the question Up to 2 points for effectively using appropriate historical evidence 1 point for explaining the changes in terms of world history and global contexts 1 point for analyzing the process of continuity and change over time 2 Earn points for excellence. You can earn these points by going above and beyond in writing your essay and analyzing your topic.

This article is an expanded essay of remarks he delivered to a session on AP World History at the annual conference of the National Council for the Social Studies. The continuity step is essentially comparative, though and this case "over time" rather than "across space.

Stay in the place and time relevant to the prompt. Peter Stearns is a former chair of the AP World History Development Committee as examples of college essays ucla as a coauthor of several world history textbooks and the editor of the Encyclopedia of World History.

Authored by. And indeed, practice and classroom modeling provide the obvious histories here, applicable to contemporary cases where major how is claimed as well as to the past. Often, you can begin the change write your history statement right off the bat. This same relationship will help students deal with chronological order—not precise dates, usually, but a sense of what came before what—without which the context for change over time cannot be established.

How to write an ap history essay continuity and change

What was important to you. Avoid vagueness of dates. Since the CCOT essay stresses development, it should clearly identify what changes happened when. This is a lot to do in about 40 minutes. Basically, it asks you to think about how a particular subject has developed or altered over time, as well as to consider what about it has stayed the same.