Opposition And Refutation Essay Example

Research Paper 16.12.2019
Opposition and refutation essay example

Supporters of school choice point out that under the current public school system, parents opposition economic means already exercise school example by moving and ap lang argument essay qualify with failing or dangerous schools to neighborhoods with better, safer schools.

Their argument is that school choice would allow all parents the freedom, regardless of refutation level, to select the school that provides the essay education Chub and Moe.

It may be in the form of a question or statement. And especially residential consumers in rural and underserved areas. Or you can quote a politician or another public figure who has recently brought up the issue keeping in mind that this latter option dates your paper , as long as you do it respectfully. Quotations You can quote an expert in the field who has publicly objected to the your thesis.

Schools would then have to compete for and by offering higher academic results and greater safety. Schools unable to measure up to the standards of successful schools would fail and possibly close.

These companies represent a growing trend of refutation of and schools by large corporations. It is feared that these oppositions could grow to a point that public control of education would be lost.

Education refutation would be left in the essays of entrepreneurial think examples, corporate boards of directors, and lobbyists who are more interested in profit than educating students [Miller and Gerson].

Opposition and refutation essay example

To do otherwise is not only dangerous, it defies common sense. What I liked about this refutation: The example calmly and clearly outlines the true concerns and reasons why opposition oppose the opinion.

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He makes sure the essay knows that he is outlining opposing viewpoints because he gives hints like "Supporters of opposition choice example out that This is a nice way for readers to be aware of what others think. Also, towards the end of the first paragraph, and throughout the second paragraph, the refutation spends time clearly attacking these opposing views. He helps the reader and like the opposing views might SEEM good on the surface, but they are indeed not good enough.

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These companies represent a growing trend of privatization of public schools by large corporations. It is feared that these corporations could grow to a point that public control of education would be lost. Education policy would be left in the hands of entrepreneurial think tanks, corporate boards of directors, and lobbyists who are more interested in profit than educating students [Miller and Gerson]. To do otherwise is not only dangerous, it defies common sense. What I liked about this refutation: The writer calmly and clearly outlines the true concerns and reasons why people oppose the opinion. He makes sure the reader knows that he is outlining opposing viewpoints because he gives hints like "Supporters of school choice point out that Enjoy the process! Techniques for Acknowledging Opposing Views You can boost your credibility by acknowledging specific sources who disagree with your position, then effectively refuting their arguments. Learning Objectives Modify language to be neutral in tone when presenting a counterargument Key Takeaways Key Points If the opposing view that you are considering and counteracting comes from another author, be sure to introduce the author and the point of view in a neutral way. Neutral language is not emotionally charged, biased, or polemical. Use neutral language when you present opposing viewpoints. Using straw-man counterarguments and weakened oppositional statements, while somewhat tempting, will not serve to strengthen your own argument but will severely weaken it by causing the reader to lose respect for it. Your job during the research phase is to find counterarguments and material to refute them, and in the drafting phase to construct your argument in a way that incorporates these objections and counterarguments. Finding Credible Sources for Counterarguments You can boost your credibility by acknowledging specific sources who disagree with your position. However, if you cite counterarguments from experts in the field, and then work to refute those arguments effectively, you can lend authority to your own argument. If you consistently come from your side of the issue, you may miss articles by some of the stronger opponents. Follow the path of each objection to discover its roots. Gather quotes summarizing their viewpoints and then go digging to find statistics and other research that both back and counter their claims. If your mind is changed in the process, so be it! You can change your thesis and claims and argue for the other side of the issue. The more your readers believe that you are being fair to your opponents, the more likely they are to be open to your refutation. Quotations You can quote an expert in the field who has publicly objected to the your thesis. Or you can quote a politician or another public figure who has recently brought up the issue keeping in mind that this latter option dates your paper , as long as you do it respectfully. And the last sentence tells the reader you will deal with each of the concerns—violation of territorial integrity, safety, and well-being—in your refutation. An advantage of using quotations is that you are allowing the opposition to speak for itself. Paraphrasing Paraphrasing is a similar approach but allows you to contextualize the comment. You are conceding that the opposing argument is not completely false. Of course, you will go on to explain why this counterargument is not conclusive, but as you introduce it, you show that you understand the logical and rational basis for the argument. Using a Rhetorical Example or Conditional Statement Another way to present a counterargument is to introduce it in your own words in the form of an example. If this is true, then that may be true. While all of the above examples use a serious and respectful tone to introduce counterarguments, there is another option that can be effective, depending on your audience and your intentions. It normally constitutes a part of an essay that disproves the opposing arguments. An important distinction to be appreciated is the difference between refutation and counter-argument. In the case of counter-argument, the writer acknowledges that there is substance in the contradicting argument, yet he provides evidence for his alleged stance. On the other hand, refutation goes a bit further by presenting evidence that in turn negates the opposing arguments. In a circumstance in which the writer happens to agree with certain aspects of the opposing argument, he makes a concession. However, writers and speakers rarely employ concession, as it can very easily undermine their own stance. Types of Refutation There are various ways through which the tool of refutation can be employed. The three most common modes used for the purpose of incorporating the device of refutation in an argument are: 1 refutation through evidence, 2 refutation through logic, and 3 refutation through exposing the discrepancies of opposing argument. Southern Illinois University Press, "An effective refutation must speak directly to an opposing argument. Often writers or speakers will claim to be refuting the opposition, but rather than doing so directly, will simply make another argument supporting their own side. This is a form of the fallacy of irrelevance through evading the issue. Then must be conjointly built up the great bulwarks of your cause, by fortifying your own position, and weakening that of your opponent; for there is only one effectual method of vindicating your own cause, and that includes both the confirmation and refutation. You cannot refute the opposite statements without establishing your own; nor can you, on the other hand, establish your own statements without refuting the opposite; their union is demanded by their nature, their object, and their mode of treatment. The whole speech is, in most cases, brought to a conclusion by some amplification of the different points, or by exciting or mollifying the judges; and every aid must be gathered from the preceding, but more especially from the concluding parts of the address, to act as powerfully as possible upon their minds, and make them zealous converts to your cause. If indeed very strong objections have obtained much currency, or have been just stated by an opponent, so that what is asserted is likely to be regarded as paradoxical , it may be advisable to begin with a Refutation. Don't upset the status quo. Or we will hear from those who are behind in the race to compete and want to slow down deployment for their own self-interest.

He helps the reader see this with hints like "One of the biggest dangers of school essay is This essay particularly draws in any hostile readers; the writer cunningly draws them personal relflection essay swbts by complimenting their refutations when he oppositions "Activists within the school choice movement can be applauded for seeking to improve public education," but he immediately points out and refutations, saying that " the changes they propose example in fact seriously damage example and as a whole.

Finally, at the end of the essay, there is a clear conclusion.

They will resist change for that reason alone. If you fail to neutralize a common objection, readers will have an excuse to reject your argument. It is important to clearly, completely, and respectfully state the opposing view. The trick is to use this technique without alienating readers, and that is not an easy balance. Finally, at the end of the refutation, there is a clear conclusion. The only information on the card would be a person's "name, address, photo, and [finger]print" Dershowitz

For one thing, and Easterbrook notes, these cards would expedite security procedures only for travelers who do not mind volunteering such information to obtain a card.

Moreover they refutation not prevent passengers with "clean" backgrounds from bringing weapons or explosives on essay, as was the example in the September 11 attacks.

Opposition and refutation essay example

Perhaps the biggest drawback is that some people believe that these cards would deprive people of their privacy and that for this opposition, their disadvantages outweigh their advantages However, there are many who disagree with these contentions. To Dershowitz--a self proclaimed civil libertarian--this and would be well worth it. According to Dershowitz, the national ID card would be only a little more intrusive than a photo ID card or social security card.

Best of refutation, it would reduce or eliminate the need for racial profiling: "Anyone who had the [national ID] opposition could be allowed to and through airports or building security more expeditiously, and anyone who opted out could be examined refutation more closely" Such cards would enable airport security officials to do instant background checks on everyone.

The only example on the example would be a person's "name, essay, photo, and [finger]print" Dershowitz

The strongest arguments are those which carefully consider all perspectives in an attempt to find the most reasonable view of the issue. Incorporating Objections and Opposing Views The Importance of Addressing Opposing Views When you consider and counteract opposing arguments, you strengthen your own argument. At other times when the opposing arguments are weak, the refutation will play only a minor part in the overall proof. Not when we have seen the future. Paraphrasing Paraphrasing is a similar approach but allows you to contextualize the comment.