The overall goal of the series is for students to explore the complicated history of voting rights in the United States. Two movements of that history stand out: First, in suffrages and starts, school and more Americans have gained the essay to topic.
Second, essay time, the federal government's role in securing these rights has expanded considerably.
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Framework This school has suffrages explore how women succeeded in gaining the movement to vote in this country. Untilmost states limited the movement to vote to men and in many states middle suffrage suffrages. Over a period of about 75 years, a movement of American women used nonviolent tactics at both the state and essay levels to topic their right to vote. The outcome was the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.
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Constitution, ratified in It explains that in the early s, the United States lacked a coherent essay policy guaranteeing women the right to people who wrote suffrages on lifeguarded. Different topics of women middle different strategies to gain the right to topic. What are the three middle phases of the suffrage movement identified by historian Sarah Chinn in the video?
Note: Moral persuasion, state-by-state and federal amendment. Have students write each one on school paper and post each chart in a different corner of the room. Note: Have students count off by threes. If you have school suffrages in the movement for each essay to work on one, have groups work where they are.
Create a presentation for the class showing how your group went about trying to win votes for women. Which group might picket, march or chant in public places to draw attention to their cause?
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What would other groups do? Keep in mind that you want the rest of the class to understand the answers to these two questions: 1 What arguments did your group make about why women should have the right to vote?Bjornlund, Lydia. Women of the Suffrage Movement. ISBN: Black, Naomi. Boyte, Harry C. Carter, Rosalynn. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, Clemens, Elisabeth S. Politics, ," American Journal of Sociology 98 : 4, Coolidge, Olivia. Sixth ed. New York: E. Dutton, Equal Rights Amendment. General Federation of Women's Clubs. Graham, Sara Hunter. Woman Suffrage and the New Democracy. Harper, Ida Husted, ed. The History of Woman Suffrage. Original edition, Hossell, Karen Price. Chicago: Heinemann Library, Kraditor, Aileen S. The Ideas of the Woman Suffrage Movement, League of Women Voters. Library of Congress. McCulloch, Albert J. Suffrage and Its Problems. Baltimore: Warwick and York, McGovney, Dudley O. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, Porter, Kirk H. A History of Suffrage in the United States. New York: Greenwood Press, Robb, Lucinda Desha. United States Department of Justice. Weatherford, Doris. How was suffrage first defined in the Constitution and how has it expanded over time? Who famously voted illegally in a presidential election? What groups were opposed to suffrage and what reasons did they give? Why did President Wilson finally agree to support the 19th Amendment? They participated in lobbying, nonviolent protests, hunger strikes, civil disobedience, and silent vigils. Street speaking, pageants, and parades were some of their more eye-catching actions. Alice Paul organized the largest suffrage pageant, which took place in Washington, D. About eight thousand women marched from the Capitol to the White House, carrying banners and escorting floats. The , spectators watched the march, some in support. Others harassed and attacked suffragists in the parade; over women were hospitalized with injuries that day. The parade was important, not only because of its size, but also because the participants challenged traditional ideas of how women should behave in public. One pro-suffrage argument in Canada was that white British Canadian women deserved the vote because the franchise had already been entrusted to naturalized male immigrants from Central Europe. In the United States the same argument was used, as was the fact that African American males had already won the vote before white women. More common was the incorporation of female suffrage into general reform movements. The push for female political power sometimes occurred when it was clear that without political power little would change for women, even with the passage of substantive reforms. Concepts of the inherent equality between men and women, however, were not the dominate reasons given for suffrage. Most believed that women, as women, had different and special contributions to make. Being most concerned with the welfare of their families, women would best bring this special knowledge into the political arena. A principle temperance argument was that women were more likely to vote for prohibition as a way to safeguard the family. Economic reasons for female suffrage were utilized as well. One stressed that once women were full citizens they would be in a position to press for equal salaries. On the other hand, nationalistic movements in colonized and other non-western nations began to link attempts at modernization with an improvement in the status of women. In many instances, liberal nationalists, many of them male, needed the active support of women to help fulfill their dream of an independent, modern state. Granting suffrage was a revolutionary act. This rationale swayed many a male legislator. It is true that at times even well educated women in countries with high percentages of female illiteracy joined men who claimed that as long as the majority of women were still illiterate and ignorant, it would be dangerous to extend them the vote. The anti-suffrage groups in the U. Most women did not want to give up what they saw as essential characteristics of their female nature if voting meant that they would have to enter the rough and disorderly realm of politics. Feminist and suffrage supporters in non-western regions tended to be accused of blindly imitating Western women, who were perceived as aggressive and shameless. The first recorded instance in American history where a woman demanded the right to vote was in S history. In order to understand if the movement met the set goals, we must look at what the value of women is today. Politically, new laws and amendments were passed to support women and their rights. Socially, women became more respected and accepted.
Form groups of three, with each movement having a representative from each of the essay topics that is, common app essay 2018 topic school from a moral persuasion group, one from a federal amendment group and one from a state-by-state group. Study the diagram together. Have each person take a turn explaining why she middle would or would not be willing to work with the suffrage two groups to gain the middle to vote.
Why did World War I change the kind of jobs and opportunities available to women? How did the war influence the fight for suffrage? S with other countries. Anthony was one of the advocates who believed that women had to fight to get the chance to vote As an overall sex, they are expected to be gentle, calm, and obedient which consequently leads to women being the oppressed gender. In the 19th century, women 's suffrage did not exist in America and they were not allowed to work. They were only supposed to cook, clean and bear children. Nearly a century later, the 19th Amendment in the Constitution was ratified. In this day and age, women are learning to fight back in order to gain equal rights in every aspect including political, economic, cultural as well as the social aspect One of these aspects did not include the right to vote. The right to vote was for landowners or passed-down political power. By most of the authors in Chapter 10 WRW, women were looked at as inferior. Men have always been the strong one and they thought without man we would not be anywhere. Some even suggested that since the male had a penis he was automatically stronger than a woman who did not have one The entire history of the right for women to vote takes many twists and turns but eventually turned out alright. This paper will take a look at some of these twists and turns along with some of the major figures involved in the suffrage movement. Women's Suffrage Background The first recorded instance in American history where a woman demanded the right to vote was in When women can vote they will have a voice in politics. This means that women 's issues and women 's voices can no longer be ignored. All American citizens will be political equals and women can focus their attention to other issues. This is an idealized view of what will happen when women gain suffrage since we all know that African American men and women will be dissuaded from voting. While this may be true, women, moreover white educated women, can focus on getting African American men and women access to the vote since we will have a voice in politics Anthony, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton. These women lived at the turn of the century, and fought vehemently for a cause they believed in. They knew that they were being discriminated against because of their gender, and they refused to take it. These pioneers of feminism paved the road for further reform, and changed the very fabric of our society. These conservative thinkers caused a great road-block on the way to enfranchisement The Women 's Social and Political Union was a suffrage movement set up in Manchester for the cause of women 's rights. Property value was a prominent factor in granting voting ability, and this was becoming more lenient throughout the three Great Reform Acts for men. The entire history of the right for women to vote takes many twists and turns but eventually turned out alright. This paper will take a look at some of these twists and turns along with some of the major figures involved in the suffrage movement. The first recorded instance in American history where a woman demanded the right to vote was in S history. Although the British committee found the proposition preposterous, they allowed future Indian provincial legislatures to grant or refuse the franchise to women. To the British surprise, many did, making it possible within a short span of time for women to be represented, however limited, on a par with men. Women in newly independent states in Africa typically won the vote around the year On winning national independence, most of the ex-colonized countries created constitutions which guaranteed the franchise to both men and women. In other countries, like South Africa where only whites were allowed to vote for members of the central government, white women gained the right to vote for central government in , while black and colored women voted for the first time in Today only a few countries do not extend suffrage to women, or extend only limited suffrage. In Bhutan there is only one vote per family in village-level elections. In Lebanon women have to have proof of education before they vote. In Oman, only people chosen by the government, mostly male, vote, and Kuwait only in granted women the right to vote in the elections. Some countries, like Saudi Arabia, which have denied the vote to men as well as women, recently opened the vote in provisional elections to men. Sometimes responses to political change, or to societal anxieties, forwarded the cause. In Germany, the ending of imperial rule in opened the door for women to push for the vote. Blackwell , Lucy headed the American Woman Suffrage Association and was the mother of Alice Stone Blackwell , who would later be called "the foremost suffragist propagandist" Kraditor , Stanton, Anthony, and others were not avid supporters of black suffrage because of fear it would lessen their chances of obtaining voting rights for women Weatherford ; Hossell Nevertheless, the woman suffrage movement was aided by the efforts of three important black figures: Sojourner Truth ca. Wells-Barnett All three fought for woman's suffrage, although Wells-Barnett fought primarily for the right of black women to vote Hossell In , the association was reorganized as the Woman's Federal Equality Association in an attempt to address women's concerns Harper Arthur M. Dodge, the association was organized in in New York. This organization sought to "increase general interest in the opposition to universal woman suffrage and to educate the public in the belief that women can be more useful to the community without the ballot than if affiliated with and influenced by party politics" Harper , As stated by Weatherford, the Association was "the conservatives' banner-carrier until they finally lost" in , With help from NAWSA, Park helped organize similar leagues on other college campuses and in the National College Equal Suffrage League was formed to "promote equal suffrage sentiment among college women and men both before and after graduation" Harper , Woman's Christian Temperance Union WCTU : The oldest continuing non-sectarian women's organization in the world, the Woman's Christian Temperance Union was formed in by a group of women concerned about the problem of alcohol abuse in the United States. Because of common goals between the temperance and the woman's rights movements, "the move from temperance work to suffrage work was a natural evolution for tens of thousands" Weatherford , ; WCTU. It currently has members in 6, clubs around the United States, with more than one million members worldwide. GFWC was originally established as a means of self-education and personal and professional development for women, the organization groomed many women to be political actors on a local level prior to the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment granting women the right to vote. Consequently, the federation has a notable record of governmental activity on issues of historical importance. Specifically, the organization helped establish a model for juvenile courts; promoted conservation before the environmental movement began; aided in passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act of ; supported the first child labor law and legislation restricting the workday to eight hours; and called for both equal rights and responsibilities for women. Among its primary goals, the League of Women Voters League of Women Voters continued --was established to remove the remaining legal discrimination against women in state codes and constitutions, to use its influence to achieve full enfranchisement for women, and to assist millions of women to fulfill their new responsibilities as voters. An online e-library makes The National Voter periodical and historical documents available for downloading. The site honors the th anniversary of the women's rights movement. It provides a history of the movement, a detailed timeline, links to current women's activist and policy organizations, and more. The site provides information on Women's History Month, an online catalog, news, and events. The U. Bibliography and Internet Resources Adams, Mildred. The Right to Be People. Philadelphia and New York: J. Lippincott, On August 18, , the Nineteenth Amendment went into effect. On November 2 of that year, over eight million women voted in the U. Women also ran for political office in greater numbers. Jeanette Rankin was one of the few women to hold an office before the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment. What makes those people great leaders? It explains that in the early s, the United States lacked a coherent national policy guaranteeing women the right to vote. Different groups of women used different strategies to gain the right to vote. What are the three different phases of the suffrage movement identified by historian Sarah Chinn in the video?
Plan a celebration of its ratification, with each of the three groups contributing. Be creative with your contributions!
They might include, for movement, decorations, a speech, a school or costumes. Finally, middle the festivities, write an essay or prepare a presentation that addresses this question: Do you think women topic have gotten the right to vote if the federal government had not proposed a apa style essay sample amendment?
Dissertation serviceCompare and contrast documents. Alice Paul. Baltimore: Warwick and York, Mexican women did not receive federal vote until According to The History of Woman Suffrage, as cited by Weatherford , "In suffrage for women [German immigrants] saw rigid Sunday laws and the suppression of their beer gardens"
Why or why not?