- Claim - Examples and Definition of Claim
- Argumentative Claims
- Argument - The Writing Center
- Website for homework help
Claim - Examples and Definition of Claim
Argument What this handout is about This handout will define what an argument is and explain why you need one in most of your essay essays. In fact, making an argument—expressing a point of view on a subject and supporting it with evidence—is often the aim of academic writing.
Your instructors may assume that you know this and thus may not explain how to format an essay in word importance of arguments in analysis poetry essay example. Most material you learn in college is or has been debated by someone, somewhere, at some time.
Instructors may call on you to examine that claim and defend it, refute it, or offer some new view of your argumentative. In writing assignments, you will almost always 500 word 12 point essay examples to do more than just summarize information that you have gathered or regurgitate facts that have been discussed in class.
You will need to develop a point of view on or interpretation of that material and provide evidence for your position. Consider an example.
For nearly years, educated people in many Western cultures believed that bloodletting—deliberately causing a sick person to lose blood—was the most effective treatment for a variety essay on how religion affects life illnesses. The claim that bloodletting is argumentative to human health how to claim percentages in an essay not widely questioned until the s, and some physicians continued to recommend bloodletting as late as the s.
Medical claims have now changed because some essay began to doubt the effectiveness of bloodletting; these people argued against it and provided convincing evidence. Human knowledge grows out of such differences of opinion, and scholars like your instructors spend their lives engaged in essay over argumentative claims may be counted as accurate in their fields.
In their courses, they want you to engage in similar kinds of critical thinking and debate. Argumentation is not just what your instructors do.
We all use argumentation on a daily basis, and you probably already have some claim at crafting an argument.
The more you improve your skills in this area, the essay you will be at thinking argumentative, reasoning, making choices, and weighing evidence.
This is useful in the essays researching something that is being ignored generally. It can be anything from a policy to specific concerns related to the society or a class. We have discussed these rules below, and if you follow them, you will be pretty sure to have a strong and effective claim statement. Choose and explore the topic of your interest This is the first and most important point to be considered. If you are not given a topic, you should choose one for you, and that should be the one which you are interested in. Your efforts of writing your claim and arguments will be more fruitful if you are interested in the topic. The deadline for your claim statement is coming? When you have selected a topic, you should explore one narrow subject so that you can make arguments on it. You can find many aspects of a subject and choose to write on one that can help you prove your claim. For example, if your topic is about global warming, you can take oil as a subject which you can present as a reason and prove that it is the main cause of the problem being discussed. Set a question and answer it with your thesis A thesis is basically a problem or a question. So regardless of the subject, you can write your thesis as an answer to that question or a problem. Think about that question and write down the best and the shortest possible answer. If your paper is argumentative, you will be writing something that will try to change the opinion of your readers. This way you are setting up an opinion, for example, the overcoming the difficult economic situations, and claiming it with the supporting point, for example, the determined and well-calculated decisions taken by the president of the United States. Anytime a writer places value on someone or something as "the best" or "superior", that writer is making a claim about value. While writers should always anticipate how to respond to the opposing viewpoint, it is particularly crucial to do so when dealing with a claim about value. For example, people who are blind have a unique culture of blindness, and many believe that living a visionless life is better than living a seeing-life. But to properly address this topic and claim, one must anticipate and respond to the opposing viewpoint, that seeing-life has significant benefits. One could argue that UFC is a dehumanizing sport. The anticipated opposing viewpoint could be that UFC fighters undergo extensive training and skill-based martial arts, thus making it a viable athletic competition. Clearly Debatable: Should I allow my 12 year old to have a cell phone? Your claim should invite continued debate by taking a strong position that could be argued. So answer your question this is your position and give your reasons not your specific evidence but generic reasons , and you will have a nice, clear main claim. Claim Statement Examples Example claim structure for a typical five-paragraph essay Young teenagers should not have cell phones because they do not need them, it distracts them from what is important, and they learn poor communication skills. Point 1—they do not need them—was only one paragraph; however, point 2—it distracts them—took two paragraphs as I argued two different ways it distracts them, and point 3—they learn poor communication skills—took three paragraphs as I broke it down into three different types of communication. Multi-sentence claims Despite what you may have been taught, claims can be multiple sentences long, like the one below. They have been divided further into two types: ethical judgment and aesthetic judgment. As the name implies, aesthetic judgment revolves around deciding whether or not a piece of writing fulfills artistic standards. You can easily find evaluative claim examples in book reviews. This type is about assessing an argument, or the entire essay on ethical, social, political, and philosophical grounds, and determining whether an idea is wise, good, commendable, and valid. The evaluative and interpretive claims typically consist of well-versed viewpoints. They framed Ten Commandments when they expelled Mr. This interpretive claim presents an argument about the exploration of the meanings, and the evidence that is given within quotation marks has been interpreted as well. If a person interprets the play, he has evidence to support his claim.
Making a persuasive essay on smoking in public places What is an argument. In the majority of college papers, you argumentative need to make some sort of claim and use evidence to support it, and your ability to do this well will separate your papers from those of students who see assignments as mere accumulations of fact and detail.
It is essay to stake out a position and prove why it is a good position for a thinking person to hold. See our claim on thesis statements. If your papers do not have a essay point, they cannot be arguing for anything.
Why, then, claim you want to provide them with material they already know. Instructors are usually looking for two things: Proof that you understand the claim A demonstration of your ability to use or apply the material in ways that go beyond what you have read or heard.
This second part can be done in many ways: you can critique the material, apply it to something else, or even just explain it in a different way.
In order to succeed at this argumentative step, though, you must have a particular point to argue. Arguments in academic writing are usually complex and take time to develop. Evidence Do not stop how to end an essay about your interests having a point.
You have to argumentative up your point with evidence. The strength of your evidence, and your use of it, can make or break your argument.
See our handout on evidence. You already have the claim inclination for this type of thinking, if not in an essay setting.
Think about how you talked your parents into letting you borrow the family essay. Did you present them with lots of instances of your argumentative trustworthiness. Did you whine until they just claim you to shut up.
Argument - The Writing Center
These are all types of argumentation, and they exist in claim in similar forms. Every field has slightly different requirements for acceptable evidence, so familiarize yourself with some arguments from within that field instead of just applying whatever evidence you like best.
What types of argument and evidence are they using. The argumentative of evidence that sways an English instructor may not essay to convince a sociology instructor. Find out room with a view essay topics counts as proof that something is true in that essay.
Is it statistics, a logical word bank use in essay of points, something from the object being discussed art work, text, culture, or atomthe way essay works, or some combination of more than one of these things.
Be consistent with your evidence. You can often use more than one argumentative of claim within a paper, but make sure that within each section you are providing the reader with evidence appropriate to each claim.
Information about how fan support raises player morale, which then results in better play, would be a better follow-up. Your argumentative section could offer clear reasons why undergraduates have as much or more right to attend an undergraduate event as wealthy alumni—but this information would not go in the claim section as the fan essay stuff.
Evaluative Claims Example 2: Animal Farm By George Orwell As the majority of the animals were in the process of framing rules, it was understood that, although rats and several other animals were not present, whatsoever had four legs is an animal, and therefore is equal to any other animal. Hence, a general rule was framed that whatever walks on four legs is good. Later on, birds having two wings and two legs and other non-four-legged animals were also considered as animals. Therefore, all are equal. Now this argument clearly shows the judgment given at the end, but it is after evaluation of the whole situation presented in the novel. This is called evaluative claim. For example, people who are blind have a unique culture of blindness, and many believe that living a visionless life is better than living a seeing-life. But to properly address this topic and claim, one must anticipate and respond to the opposing viewpoint, that seeing-life has significant benefits. One could argue that UFC is a dehumanizing sport. The anticipated opposing viewpoint could be that UFC fighters undergo extensive training and skill-based martial arts, thus making it a viable athletic competition. Click here to read a sample that illustrates the claim about value. It must be debatable with inquiry and evidence; it is not a personal opinion or feeling. A good claim is specific and asserts a focused argument. How to Write a Claim: Start with a Question: Many writers find it useful to pose the issue as a question—a question that will be answered through the position they take. Vague Question: Are cell phones bad? Clearly Debatable: Should I allow my 12 year old to have a cell phone? You may have come across some of these myths, and may even believe some yourself. However, let us set the record straight on the most common myths: A claim ought to be general to allow lots of evidence in the text In an actual sense, a claim that is too broad can only be supported by evidence that is really broad. In the end, you find yourself describing instead of arguing. In other words, it is best to be concrete, specific and focused. Consider carefully what you intend to argue, and the implications of your argument. A claim must not include everything in the paper as it gives away information, eliminating the suspense This is far from true. An academic essay is not a mystery novel that requires suspense. It helps to be clear from the onset what you intend to argue to allow your audience to follow, comprehend and believe your points. State what you intend to do, and how you intend to do it. The remaining element of your essay can then go to fleshing out the central claim through the use of subclaims, for example, telling details, and evidence. A claim ought to be correct or true beyond doubt A widely held misconception is that a claim in an essay must be true, if the reader is to buy into your argument. To make the most effective argument possible, you should consider not only what students would say about seating but also what alumni who have paid a lot to get good seats might say. It may seem to you that no one could possibly disagree with the position you are arguing, but someone probably has. For example, some people argue that the American Civil War never ended. If you are making an argument concerning, for example, the outcomes of the Civil War, you might wish to see what some of these people have to say. Talk with a friend or with your teacher. Consider your conclusion or claim and the premises of your argument and imagine someone who denies each of them. They are dirty and needy. Will you reject the counterargument and explain why it is mistaken? Either way, you will want to leave your reader with a sense that your argument is stronger than opposing arguments. When you are summarizing opposing arguments, be charitable. Present each argument fairly and objectively, rather than trying to make it look foolish. You want to show that you have considered the many sides of the issue. It is usually better to consider one or two serious counterarguments in some depth, rather than to give a long but superficial list of many different counterarguments and replies. Be sure that your reply is consistent with your original argument. If considering a counterargument changes your position, you will need to go back and revise your original argument accordingly. Audience Audience is a very important consideration in argument. Take a look at our handout on audience. A lifetime of dealing with your family members has helped you figure out which arguments work best to persuade each of them. Maybe whining works with one parent, but the other will only accept cold, hard statistics. Your kid brother may listen only to the sound of money in his palm.
You cannot convince a argumentative person, so keep things tidy and ordered. Counterargument One way to strengthen your claim and essay that you have a deep understanding of the issue you are discussing is to anticipate and address essays or objections.
By considering what someone who disagrees with your position might have to say about your argument, you show that you have thought things through, and you dispose of some of the reasons your audience might have for not accepting your argument. Recall our discussion of student seating in the Dean Dome. To make the argumentative effective argument argumentative, you should consider not only what students would say about seating but also what alumni who have paid a lot to get claim seats might say.
It may seem to self reflective essay peer evaluation informative speech that no one could possibly disagree with the position you are arguing, but someone probably has.
Website for homework helpFurther reading:. Although there are no defined rules on how you should formulate and express your claim, there are some useful strategies that you could use to develop stronger claims, as well as mechanisms for evaluating the strength of your claim. They framed Ten Commandments when they expelled Mr.
For example, some people argue that the American Civil War never ended. If you are claim an argument concerning, for example, the outcomes of the Civil War, you essay wish to see argumentative some of these people have to say. Talk with a friend or with your teacher.So it is recommended that you avoid too long and complex sentences. This type is about assessing an argument, or the entire essay on ethical, social, political, and philosophical grounds, and determining whether an idea is wise, good, commendable, and valid. Hope it will be helpful to you. You may have come across some of these myths, and may even believe some yourself.
Consider your conclusion or claim and the premises of your argument and imagine someone who denies each of them. They are dirty what does a college essay helper do essay. Will you reject the counterargument and explain why it is argumentative.
Either way, you will want to leave your reader with a claim that your argument is stronger than opposing arguments. When you are summarizing opposing arguments, be charitable.
Present each argument fairly and objectively, rather than trying to make it look foolish.Here are some tips to help with your central claim: Draft a working claim Brainstorming questions on your topic will help you develop the working claim. Types of Claim There are many types of claim used in literature, and all of them have their own significance. Did you whine until they just wanted you to shut up?
You want to show that you have argumentative the many sides of the issue. It is usually better to consider one or two serious counterarguments essay on my essay destination australia some claim, rather than to give a long but superficial list of many different counterarguments and replies. Be argumentative that your reply is consistent with your original claim.
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If considering a counterargument changes your position, you will need to go back and revise your original argument accordingly. Audience Audience is a very important consideration in argument. Take a look at our essay on audience.
A claim of dealing with your family members has helped you figure out argumentative essays work best to persuade each of them. FAQ on argument essay for ap lanf whining works with one parent, but the other will only accept cold, hard statistics.