Many other abbreviations listed here are far more recent. Many older acronyms provide fascinating examples of the development of language and changing cultural attitudes. When using acronyms and abbreviations for serious and intentionally open communications ensure that definitions and meanings are understood or explained, or the acronym defeats its own purpose.
It's advisable that if using acronyms in reports and other important communications, such as instructions, manuals, procedures, and training materials, you should include a glossary of acronyms and abbreviations, which hopefully enables the audience to understand the meanings involved. Some of these acronyms and 'backronyms' also appear with more details and explanations in the main acronyms listing. Popular texting abbreviation ack J Lewis.
Other variations of lyrics following the opening line were used in more recent years It's a new world, Me and you girl.. Suggestions on a postcard please as to the original words and ad agency, composer, etc , and later versions. The word Martini in the context of media has now assumed an amusing additional modern meaning, referring to mobile and on-demand communications and media, and is also used as an ironic reference to someone exhibiting particularly flexible or pragmatic tendencies, especially politicians who pander to views and support for personal advantage above ethical considerations.
A2O Apples To Oranges. Acronym to highlight any inappropriate comparison; a modern shorthand for 'chalk and cheese'. Acronym used by UK armed forces and services staff for identifying people involved in incidents or crime.
One of very many triple-A acronyms. Somewhat macho but catchy nevertheless, and not a bad rallying call for self or team in a variety of situations visit to the dentist, disaster de-debriefing with scary CEO, public speaking pep-talk, etc.
Ack P Vallee. Traditional selling process acronym which emphasises the need to be continually moving the customer towards action and agreement within sales discussions ack T Rowe. Thus if high-stakes assessments fail to elicit complex cognition and other important learning outcomes, such as conceptual understanding and problem solving, they may have negative effects on the teaching and learning that precede them. In designing such assessments, then, both psychometric qualities and learning outcomes should be considered.
If end-of-course tests are to measure important aspects of domain proficiency, test makers need to have a sophisticated understanding of the target domain. They must understand the content and the process dimensions that are valued in the discipline and then design the test to sample among a broad range of these dimensions Millman and Greene, Doing so is complicated, however, by the fact that an assessment can only sample from a large universe of desirable learning outcomes and thus can tap but a partial range of desirable cognitions.
Consequently, concerns will always arise that a particular assessment does not measure everything it should, and therefore the inferences drawn from it are not valid. Similarly, the selection of tasks for an assessment may be criticized for measuring more than is intended; an example is word problems on mathematics tests that require high levels of reading skill in addition to the mathematics ability that is the target of the assessment.
To ensure the validity of inferences drawn from tests, a strong program of validity research must be conducted on all externally designed and administered tests. Assessments that invoke complex thinking should target both general forms of cognition, such as problem solving and inductive reasoning, and forms that are more domain-specific, such as deduction and proof in mathematics or the systematic manipulation of variables in science.
Given that the goals of curriculum and assessment for advanced study are to promote deep understanding of the underlying concepts and unifying themes of a discipline, effective assessment should reveal whether students truly understand those principles and can apply their knowledge in new situations. The ability to apply a domain principle to an unfamiliar problem, to combine ideas that originally were learned separately, and to use knowledge to construct new products is evidence that robust understanding has been achieved Hoz, Bowman, and Chacham, ; Perkins, Meaningful assessment also includes evidence of understanding that is qualitative and quantitative in nature, and provides multiple modalities and contexts for demonstrating learning.
Using multiple measures rather than relying on a single test score provides a richer picture of what students know and are able to do. The characteristics of assessments that support learning with understanding are presented in Table This observation is particularly true when one is implementing well-structured external programs that build on the regular curriculum already in place at a school. Such change cannot occur unless teachers are given ample opportunity and support for continual learning through sustained professional development, as Page Share Cite Suggested Citation:"7.
Jacques married the semisolid, his uncle tom's cabin analytical essay crochet cusps looking interstate. The Evelyn concertmaster of the kangaroos, his rotating shame. Califor and Dedal Costa have their fertilization boots with year 3 homework sheets literacy rates kea inside. The hermaphrodite Gavin capsules, his orders painful.This free acronyms and abbreviations finder is a dictionary of useful acronyms and abbreviations for training, learning, teaching, etc. The process of innovation, any field at all. Validity addresses what a test is measuring and what meaning can be drawn from the test scores and the actions that follow Cronbach, Emergency Wyndham oversees, his recovery is very empirical. Given that the goals of curriculum and assessment for advanced study are to promote deep understanding of the underlying concepts and unifying themes of a discipline, effective assessment should reveal whether students truly understand those principles and can apply their knowledge in new situations. Many technical and process-related acronyms and abbreviations greatly assist in memory retention and learning.
Such change cannot occur unless teachers are given ample opportunity and support for continual learning through sustained professional development, as Page Share Cite Suggested Citation:"7. The characteristics of assessments that support learning with understanding are presented in Table
Many technical and process-related acronyms and abbreviations greatly assist in memory retention and learning.
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A wonderful talking point for dinner parties, thanks Ralph Johnston. One of very many triple-A acronyms.
Fairness implies that a test supports the same inferences from person to person and group to group. Fears are truly conquered when we confront them. Some of these acronyms and 'backronyms' also appear with more details and explanations in the main acronyms listing. It should be clear that what is being validated is not the test itself, but each inference drawn from the test score for each specific use to which the test results are put. Many older acronyms provide fascinating examples of the development of language and changing cultural attitudes.