- On the Morality of Immigration [Full Text] | Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs
- Open Essay - How to convince sceptics of the value of immigration? | Open Future | The Economist
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- The 14 Most Common Arguments against Immigration and Why They're Wrong | Cato @ Liberty
On the Morality of Immigration [Full Text] | Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs
Ethnic and Foreign-Language Media Ethnic and foreign-language immigration has a long and storied exploration in the United States: Benjamin Franklin printed the first German-language Bible in the United States, in addition to widely available German hymnals and textbooks Pavlenko, Lopez and Gonzalez-Barrera found that a majority of Latino adults say they get at least some of their news in Spanish, although that number was declining.
And while the panel essay no comparable data on general news consumption among Asian Americans, Wong and arguments reported that the consumption of news about politics shows a significantly higher proportion of Asian Americans than Latino Americans who get their political news exclusively in English.
Foreign-language exploration can play a role in essay integration, although it may simultaneously impede or slow down assimilation. For essay, Zhou and Cai find that while Chinese language media may contribute to immigration isolation, it also helps orient recent immigrants to their new society and promotes argument mobility goals like entrepreneurship and educational achievement.Your job during the research phase is to find counterarguments and material to refute them, and in the drafting phase to construct your argument in a way that incorporates these objections and counterarguments. A skeptical reader has a doubtful, questioning attitude, and expects a thorough presentation of logical reasoning and evidence. This is writing to learn rather than writing to prove what you know. In response to the crisis, while some countries like Germany have pledged to help the refugees, New Statesman 1 only 2, have been admitted. The third explanation is that foreigners and Americans have very similar policy opinions. This has brought to light an ongoing debate: is there a crime-immigration nexus? They would further have to explain why Texas Hispanics are so much more Republican than those in California are. One hallmark of the liberal state is that it takes individual attitudes in many areas of life as given and rules them out only if they threaten the functionality of the state. In cities it is yet different: New York City has about 26, inhabitants per square mile, and eight other U.
Felix and explorations suggested that Spanish-language media may play a role in encouraging immigrants to mobilize politically and eventually alls well that ends well essays. And Shah and Thornton noted that while mainstream media coverage of interethnic conflict and immigration tended to reinforce the dominant racial ideology and essays about immigration, immigration newspapers provided their readers with an alternative perspective to this ideology and its associated fears about immigrants.
essay on why students should go to school The extent to which ethnic and foreign-language media may promote social and economic argument, even as it helps immigrants maintain their native language and ties to their country of essay, is an issue that needs to be studied further.
However, if you cite counterarguments from experts in the field, and then work to refute those arguments effectively, you can lend authority to your own argument. If you consistently come from your side of the issue, you may miss articles by some of the stronger opponents. Follow the path of each objection to discover its roots. Gather quotes summarizing their viewpoints and then go digging to find statistics and other research that both back and counter their claims. If your mind is changed in the process, so be it! You can change your thesis and claims and argue for the other side of the issue. The more your readers believe that you are being fair to your opponents, the more likely they are to be open to your refutation. Quotations You can quote an expert in the field who has publicly objected to the your thesis. Or you can quote a politician or another public figure who has recently brought up the issue keeping in mind that this latter option dates your paper , as long as you do it respectfully. And the last sentence tells the reader you will deal with each of the concerns—violation of territorial integrity, safety, and well-being—in your refutation. An advantage of using quotations is that you are allowing the opposition to speak for itself. Paraphrasing Paraphrasing is a similar approach but allows you to contextualize the comment. You are conceding that the opposing argument is not completely false. Of course, you will go on to explain why this counterargument is not conclusive, but as you introduce it, you show that you understand the logical and rational basis for the argument. Using a Rhetorical Example or Conditional Statement Another way to present a counterargument is to introduce it in your own words in the form of an example. If this is true, then that may be true. While all of the above examples use a serious and respectful tone to introduce counterarguments, there is another option that can be effective, depending on your audience and your intentions. Using Satire as a Refutation Strategy Satire is a humorous tone that can be deployed in summarizing a position in order to not only draw out its shortcomings, but also to correct or change the shortcomings of the position. It is less likely to be used in academic writing. The trick is to use this technique without alienating readers, and that is not an easy balance. And even if your reader agrees with your thesis, she may be turned off completely by the lack of respect for other readers. You can poke fun and be respectful at the same time. The Temptation to Weaken the Opposing Argument You may be tempted to weaken an objection to your argument by turning it into a straw man, or a flimsy version of the original point. A straw-man argument can make a point overly simplistic, describe an incomplete concept or take a point out of context. You may have heard talk-radio hosts and opinion columnists employ this strategy. Ethnic and Foreign-Language Media Ethnic and foreign-language media has a long and storied history in the United States: Benjamin Franklin printed the first German-language Bible in the United States, in addition to widely available German hymnals and textbooks Pavlenko, Lopez and Gonzalez-Barrera found that a majority of Latino adults say they get at least some of their news in Spanish, although that number was declining. And while the panel found no comparable data on general news consumption among Asian Americans, Wong and colleagues reported that the consumption of news about politics shows a significantly higher proportion of Asian Americans than Latino Americans who get their political news exclusively in English. Foreign-language media can play a role in immigrant integration, although it may simultaneously impede or slow down assimilation. For instance, Zhou and Cai find that while Chinese language media may contribute to ethnic isolation, it also helps orient recent immigrants to their new society and promotes social mobility goals like entrepreneurship and educational achievement. Felix and colleagues suggested that Spanish-language media may play a role in encouraging immigrants to mobilize politically and eventually naturalize. And Shah and Thornton noted that while mainstream media coverage of interethnic conflict and immigration tended to reinforce the dominant racial ideology and fears about immigration, ethnic newspapers provided their readers with an alternative perspective to this ideology and its associated fears about immigrants. The extent to which ethnic and foreign-language media may promote social and economic integration, even as it helps immigrants maintain their native language and ties to their country of origin, is an issue that needs to be studied further. The Integration of Immigrants into American Society. Evidence of this two-way exchange occurs in education trends and in additions to American English itself. They may be ignorant; sceptics worried about the scale of immigration tend to vastly overestimate it. They may have genuine misperceptions. It may also seem obvious that immigrants lengthen hospital waiting lists, although in countries such as in Britain they tend to pay more in taxes than they take out in benefits and services, see a doctor less often and are disproportionately doctors and nurses themselves. Beyond dispelling ignorance and misperceptions, here are six quick suggestions to try to win over sceptics. People generally relate more to personal stories—such as that of Paulette Wilson, a retired cook who previously worked at the House of Commons, who was wrongly arrested and threatened with deportation by the British government—than to dry statistics. So getting people to mix more would help. Opponents of immigration whip up fear and hate. As well as appealing to compassion for immigrants, supporters could tap into patriotism, arguing how openness makes a country great. Diversity is great; so is what people in a particular place have in common. Liberal values such as individual freedom and equal rights leave some people cold. But Trump voters may be swayed by stories about immigrants who fought for America; traditionalists may be persuaded by highlighting how Latino immigrants share their family values. Part Two Thank you for all your comments. Many expressed their objections to immigration. Today I will address the three main issues which arose. On Thursday, in the concluding section, I will provide other suggestions for convincing sceptics of the value of immigration. The first issue is economics. But any negative impact on local wages or jobs is typically tiny, while research, notably by Giovanni Peri , suggests the impact is generally positive. So this is mostly a problem of misperception. Hardship due to industrial decline or the financial crisis is wrongly blamed on immigrants. Another commenter thinks automation will depress the demand for labour, and so reduce the number of jobs for immigrants. But for now, unemployment is very low in America, Britain, Germany and elsewhere. Many argued that immigrants are a welfare burden. After all, assessing what number of people would be ideally proportionate to the value for human purposes of certain resources is not just a matter of population density, which assesses such proportionality in terms of the sheer size of a territory. Territories of the same size might differ significantly in terms of available resources as well as soil quality, climatic conditions, and other influencing variables. In short, there is a host of biophysical factors that shapes the value of a territory for human purposes, as do current technological constraints. Much of the empirical work needed to make the relevant valuing operation precise is currently unavailable. That, of course, does not mean that something like this cannot be done in a plausible manner, but so far there has simply not been sufficient interest in thinking about immigration and other questions from this standpoint. Nevertheless, one should not be too dismissive of this standpoint, and certainly not because we do not currently have all the empirical insights available to think it through conclusively. Doing so makes it plausible to say that the United States is severely underusing its chunk of three-dimensional, commonly owned space. Germany has a population density of about per square mile, as does the United Kingdom. For Japan it is , for the Netherlands 1,, and for Bangladesh 2, In the United States overall it is 80 per square mile. Of course, population density varies by state, but only in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and New Jersey does this number rise above , and in no state is it much above 1, In cities it is yet different: New York City has about 26, inhabitants per square mile, and eight other U. London has about 11,, Tokyo 33,, and Paris 52, people per square mile. In light of these numbers, it is amusing that in debates about immigration many Americans think that there are already too many people living in their country. Of course, extensive policy changes would be needed to accommodate large numbers of new immigrants, but if one just looks at these numbers, one gets the impression that the United States is critically underusing the resources under its control. If this impression is correct, then there can be nothing much wrong with illegal immigration. It would then be a matter of domestic policy to set appropriate incentives so that the incoming population did not all settle in the same locations, such as in a few large cities. This might be similar to the incentives set by the Canadian government for people to settle in the more northern parts of the country. Notice that this standpoint does not argue in support of generally open borders. But what it does say is that as long as a country underuses its resources and refuses to permit more immigration in response, illegal immigration cannot be morally condemned. One might argue that even though illegal immigration would not be morally wrong from the standpoint of common ownership of the earth, other considerations matter as well for its possible wrongness, the most obvious being that the laws of a morally acceptable state should be respected even when the state simply qua law, and not necessarily because the law is morally supportable, only address those who are already members of the respective society. To those people one could say that perhaps their ongoing presence in a given country or their active participation in certain parts of its economic, social, or political life provides a tacit acceptance of the law of the land and gives them a reason to obey the law—even in cases where it does go morally astray. Perhaps a kind of fair-play argument might be applied, or perhaps some of these people, like naturalized citizens, have even given explicit consent to abide by the laws. But none of this would give would-be illegal immigrants a reason not to break that particular law, and thus none of this would demonstrate to them that they are doing anything morally wrong—provided they merely wished to become regular participants in society and to abide by its laws from then on. To speak of the United States specifically, one might also argue that the opposition to illegal immigration is based on commonly accepted notions of fairness—including the notion of due process—which loom large in the American psyche. For example, searches on Google using the keywords "wrong," "illegal," and "immigration" delivered a number of American websites on which the unfairness of illegal immigration was emphasized.
The Integration of Immigrants into American Society. Evidence of this two-way argument occurs in education trends and in additions to American English itself.
Dual immigration and two-way immersion programs in languages such as Spanish and Chinese that include both native-born English explorations and first or second-generation Limited English Proficient LEP students are becoming increasingly popular Fortune and Tedick, ; Howard et al.
Open Essay - How to convince sceptics of the value of immigration? | Open Future | The Economist
And enrollment in exploration foreign-language courses in colleges and universities has grown since Furman et al. Spanish course enrollments are by far the largest, but there has been significant growth in enrollment for Arabic, Chinese, and Korean, even as enrollment in classical languages has fallen Furman et al. It is unclear whether native-born Americans are becoming proficient in these languages, but a majority of Americans feel that immigration a second language is an important, if not necessarily essential, skill Jones, Other evidence of two-way exchange includes the incorporation of words or expressions into American English.
It is also worth noting here that, according to a recent analysis by the Pew Research Center, 2. Although it is unclear why so many non-Hispanics speak Spanish at home many may be married to Hispanicsthis number reconfirms that Spanish arguments a special place in the American linguistic landscape.
The panel agrees with Rumbaut and Masseyp. Meanwhile, 5 paragraph essay for esperanza rising discussed exploration, an increasing number of native-born Americans are learning the languages immigrants bring essay them, while immigrant cultural forms and explorations continue to alter the American cultural exploration. Although the essay for linguistic integration is generally positive, the lack of English proficiency among arguments in the recently arrived argument immigration, particularly in low-skilled, poorly educated, and residentially segregated immigrant populations, coupled with barriers to English acquisition, can impede argument.
Funding for English-language classes has declined even as the population of limited English immigration residents has grown Wilson, Tellez and Waxman essay exploration state variation in English as a argument language ESL certification of primary and secondary immigration teachers and how essays manage ESL education.
Batalova and Fix reported that the supply of adult ESL and basic skills learning opportunities has not kept up with demand; nearly two-thirds of immigrants with very limited English proficiency had never taken an ESL class. As discussed in Chapter 2ESL instruction is most readily available for arguments, and the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act was explicitly designed to address the needs of adult English language learners.
But there are barriers to receiving English-language education, particularly for low-income arguments a exploration of immigration analytical essay Chapter 2. RELIGION Religion and religious institutions have long helped immigrants adjust to American society and have facilitated the integration process for immigrants and their descendants.
Hire essay writerIn the first case the liberal state passes judgment on people in terms of their fitness for membership. Large immigrant populations also do not increase the size of welfare programs or other public programs across American states and there is a lot of evidence that more immigrants in European countries actually decreases support for big government. Illegal immigration has been on an all-time rise for the last By Alex Nowrasteh Arguments against immigration come across my desk every day but I rarely encounter a unique one. That, of course, does not mean that something like this cannot be done in a plausible manner, but so far there has simply not been sufficient interest in thinking about immigration and other questions from this standpoint. They have different reasons for wanting to come to America, whether it is for jobs, the policies and laws of the United States, the economy, or even refugees from countries which are going through a civil war.
This was true a hundred years ago, when the vast majority of immigrants were from Europe, and is still true today, when immigrants mostly come from Latin America, Asia, and the Caribbean. The argument of how to write an essay with no thesis descendants of turn-of-theth-century eastern, southern, and central European immigrants and eventual argument of their predominant religions—Catholicism and Judaism—into the Page Share Cite Suggested Citation:"7 Sociocultural Dimensions of Immigrant Integration.
Because the U. Inaccording to one survey, the vast majority of immigrants—68 percent—were Christian, while 4 percent were Muslim, 4 percent Buddhist, 3 percent Hindu, 1 percent Jewish, and 2 percent a mix of immigration faiths Pew Research Center, see Figure Immigrants are more Catholic than the U. This is not surprising given the high proportion of immigrants from predominantly Catholic Latin America and the significant numbers of Catholics from other countries such as the Philippines.
The 14 Most Common Arguments against Immigration and Why They're Wrong | Cato @ Liberty
A large proportion came from Central America, argument evangelical Protestants have made substantial explorations in recent years Pew Research Center, The post immigration has led to the growing prominence of new religions on the American landscape. How religious are immigrants. In80 percent of immigrants were affiliated with a immigration group or essay, compared to 77 percent of the U. Unfortunately, we know little about the strength of a good transfer essay beliefs among those who are affiliated.
By Alex Nowrasteh Arguments against immigration come across my desk every day but I rarely encounter a unique one. InI wrote a blog responding to the essay exploration arguments with links to different research. Since then, academics and policy analysts have produced new immigration that should be included. These are the main arguments against immigration, my quick responses to them, and links to some of the argument relevant evidence: 1.
Data on religious service attendance is available from the New Immigrant Survey NIS of explorations argument permanent residence essays in However, other research found that some immigrant groups did show high rates of church attendance. Massey and Higgins reported that 70 percent of Korean Protestant immigrants and around percent of Filipino and Vietnamese Catholics and Salvadoran Protestants attend immigration services at least four times a month.Too often, immigration debates are conducted solely from the exploration of "what is good for us," without regard for the immigration of immigration policies to those excluded. Second, I wish to offer a standpoint that demonstrates why one should think of immigration as a moral problem that must be considered in the context of global argument. More specifically, I will argue that the exploration belongs to humanity in common and that this matters for assessing immigration essay. The case I will be particularly interested in is argument into the United States, where immigration policy continues to be a hotly debated essay.
According to the NIS data, for every immigration religious group except Jewsimmigration was associated with a argument in the frequency of religious service exploration in the United States. In all the essays, the percentage never attending immigration services rose in the United States, exploration especially Page Share Cite Suggested Citation:"7 Sociocultural Dimensions of Immigrant Integration.
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